By By GS Rubio / CSU
CSU trains LGU agri staff on rearing European Queen Bee
posted 27-Mar-2013  ·  
2,118 views  ·   0 comments  ·  
BEE EXPERT. Kelly Clark, Canadian volunteer and adviser, shows the proces of bee grafting or the transferring of honey bee larvae from frames to artificial queen cell cups.
As part of sustaining the program of its newly established Provincial Apiculture Center, Catanduanes State University Extension Services, in partnership with the Regional Apiculture Center of Central Bicol State University of Agriculture, trained 25 municipal agriculture officers, agricultural technicians, farmers, and extension workers on Rearing of European Queen Honeybee on March 11-13, 2012.
 
Kelly Clark, Canadian volunteer and adviser, discussed and conducted on-site lectures at the Provincial Apiculture Center, CSU Bio Park.

Queen Bee rearing is the raising of healthy virgin queens from good genetic stock and providing conditions that will allow them to mature and mate properly and be the foundation of effective bee colonies.

Queen bee typically refers to an adult, mated female that lives in a honeybee colony or hive. She is usually the mother of most, if not all, the bees in the hive. The queens are developed from larvae selected by worker bees and specially fed in order to become sexually mature. There is normally only one adult, mated queen in a hive.

The Provincial Apiculture Center of Catanduanes State University was launched on November 29, 2012 with funding support of P300, 000 from the Local Government Unit of Virac through Congressman Cesar V. Sarmiento.

Several bee colonies housed in simulated beehives were installed at the Center to induce honey bee production. Beekeeping is recognized by the Department of Agriculture (DA) as an important agricultural activity providing income and livelihood to small farmers.

DA promotes beekeeping through the Bureau of Animal Industry in coordination with the NARTDI or the National Apiculture Research, Training and Development Institute. NARTDI was created through RA 9151 and it is under the auspices of Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University in La Union.

According to pinoybisnis.com, Beekeeping is a business opportunity with social, economic, and ecological benefits that requires minimal time, labor, and resources.

Four species of honeybee thrive best in the Philippines. These are Apis mellifera also called European honeybees, Apis cerana also locally called laywan, Apis dorsata commonly called pukyutan, Apis melliponinea or stingless bees

The Sunflower, pinoybisnis.com adds, is the source of nectar which is essential in beekeeping, particularly in producing quality and premium honey. Some of the forest tree species, which are good sources of pollen and nectars for the bees, are narra, calliandra, eucalyptus, oak tree, molave, camachili, kakawate, duhat, rain tree, African tulip, jacaranda, ipil-ipil, and other forest trees.

Cereal crops like corn and plants such as banana, mango, coconut, coffee, cacao, citrus, peanut, mongo, tomato, and eggplant are favorites of honeybees.

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) defines Apiculture (from the Latin Api or bees) as the science and practice of bee keeping. The words ‘apiculture’ and ‘beekeeping,’ FAO adds, tend to be applied loosely and used synonymously: in some parts of the world, significant volumes of honey are today still obtained by plundering wild colonies of bees – this ‘honey hunting’ cannot be properly described as ‘beekeeping’. Honey hunting remains an important part of many rural livelihoods. FAO states that in some parts of the world apiculture forms part of the work of hunter-gatherers, while elsewhere apiculture is practiced by highly industrialized agriculturalists in the world’s richest nations.

A FAO expert further forwards that the product that most people first associate with bees is honey, although beekeeping generates much more than just honey. The maintenance of biodiversity and pollination of crops are the most valuable services provided by bees.

Beekeeping experts say that honey is just one of several products that can be harvested in the bee colony. Others are beeswax, pollen, propolis, royal jelly,and venom. Apitherapy, which is the medicinal use of honey bee venom as well as honey bee products, is also one of the benefits that can be derived from the beekeeping industry.

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